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Now A.I. Can Also Do Operations

Brain surgeons are bringing AI and new imaging strategies into the working room to diagnose tumors as precisely as pathologists, and far sooner, based on a report in the journal Nature Medicine. The brand new strategy streamlines the usual apply of analyzing tissue samples, whereas the affected person continues to be on the working desk to assist information mind surgical procedure and later therapy.

The normal methodology, which requires sending the tissue to a lab, freezing and marking it, then peering at it via a microscope, takes 20 to 30 minutes or longer. The brand new approach takes two and a half minutes. Just like the outdated methodology, it requires that tissue be far away from the mind; however, it makes use of lasers to create photos and a computer to learn them within the working room.

Along with rushing up the method, the brand new approach may also detect some particulars that conventional strategies could miss, just like the unfolding of a tumor alongside nerve fibers, he mentioned. And in contrast to the same old technique, the brand new one doesn’t destroy the pattern, so the tissue can be utilized once more for additional testing.

The brand new course might also assist in different procedures; the place docs want to investigate tissue, whereas they’re nonetheless working, reminiscent of head and neck, breast, pores and skin, and gynecologic surgical procedure, the report stated. It is additionally famous that there’s a scarcity of neuropathologists and steered that the brand new expertise may assist fill the hole in medical facilities that lack the specialty.

The examine concerned mind tissue from 278 sufferers, analyzed, whereas the surgical procedure was nonetheless happening. Every pattern was cut up, with half going to A.I. and half to a neuropathologist. The diagnoses have been later judged proper or flawed primarily based on whether or not they agreed with the findings of lengthier and extra intensive checks carried out after the surgical procedure.

The outcome was a draw: people, 93.9% appropriate; A.I., 94.6%. The examine was paid for by the National Cancer Institute, the University of Michigan, and personal foundations. Dr. Orringer owns inventory within the firm that made the imaging system, as do a number of co-authors, who’re firm staff. He carried out the analysis on the University of Michigan, earlier than shifting to New York.